America’s 1st and Last Great Black Midfle Class, A Memoir

American family black

White American slave owners, who sought to improve their economic position and standing among “their own peers” has always required him to inherently rely on black men to accommodate him with his “upward and literal” mobility, travel and transportation needs. This practice begin with black slave drivers, carpenter/carriage builders, and (horseshoe) iron workers of mule carts, followed by horse carriages, then as train riding servants, and finally as hourly paid employee laborers and skilled tradesmen.